ASSOCIATION BYLAWS

ByLaws of the Longleaf Pine REALTORS®, Inc

(Reviewed 2016)
Click the sections below to view the Bylaws of the Longleaf Pine REALTORS®, Inc.

Article 1 - Name

Section 1. Name.   The name of this organization shall be the Longleaf Pine REALTORS®, INCORPORATED, hereinafter referred to as the “Association”.

Section 2. REALTORS®.   Inclusion and retention of the Registered Collective Membership Mark REALTORS® in the name of the Association shall be governed by the Constitution and Bylaws of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® as from time to time amended.

ARTICLE II - Objectives

The objectives of the Association are:

Section 1. To unite those engaged in the recognized branches of the real estate profession for the purpose of exerting a beneficial influence upon the profession and related interests.

Section 2. To promote and maintain high standards of conduct in the real estate profession as expressed in the Code of Ethics of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®.

Section 3. To provide a unified medium for real estate owners and those engaged in the real estate profession whereby their interests may be safeguarded and advanced.

Section 4. To further the interest of home and other property ownership.

Section 5. To unite those engaged in the real estate profession in this community with the North Carolina Association of REALTORS® and the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®, thereby furthering their own objectives throughout the state and nation, and obtaining the benefits and privileges of membership therein.

Section 6. To designate, for the benefit of the public, those individuals authorized to use the terms REALTOR® and REALTORS® as licensed, prescribed, and controlled by the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®.

ARTICLE III - Jurisdiction

Section 1. The territorial jurisdiction of the Association as a member of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® is all of Cumberland County, North Carolina.

Section 2. Territorial Jurisdiction is defined to mean:

(a) The right and duty to control the use of the terms REALTOR® and REALTORS® subject to the conditions set forth in these Bylaws and those of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®, in return for which the Association agrees to protect and safeguard the property right of the National Association in the terms.

ARTICLE IV - Membership

Section 1. There shall be 5 (five) classes of Members as follows:

(a) REALTOR® Members. REALTOR® Members, whether primary or secondary shall be:

(1) Individuals who, as sole proprietors, partners, corporate officers, or branch office managers, are engaged actively in the real estate profession, including buying, selling, exchanging, renting or leasing, managing, appraising for others for compensation, counseling, building, developing or subdividing real estate, and who maintain or are associated with an established real estate office in the state of North Carolina or a state contiguous thereto. All persons who are partners in a partnership, or all officers in a corporation who are actively engaged in the real estate profession within the state or a state contiguous thereto shall qualify for REALTOR® Membership only, and each is required to hold REALTOR® Membership (except as provided in the following paragraph) in an Association of REALTORS® within the state or a state contiguous thereto unless otherwise qualified for Institute Affiliate Membership as described in Section 1(b) of Article IV.

In the case of a real estate firm, partnership, or corporation, whose business activity is substantially all commercial, only those principals actively engaged in the real estate business in connection with the same office, or any other offices within the jurisdiction of the Association in which one of the firm’s principals holds REALTOR® membership, shall be required to hold REALTOR® membership unless otherwise qualified for Institute Affiliate Membership as described in Section 1 (b) of Article IV.

NOTE: REALTOR® Members may obtain membership in a “secondary” Board in another state.

(2) Individuals who are engaged in the real estate profession other than as sole proprietors, partners, corporate officers, or branch office managers and are associated with a REALTOR® Member and meet the qualifications set out in Article V.

(3) Franchise REALTOR® Membership. Corporate officers (who may be licensed or unlicensed) of a real estate broker organization with at least one hundred fifty (150) franchisees located within the United States, its insular possessions and the commonwealth of Puerto Rico, elected to membership pursuant to the provisions in the NAR Constitution and Bylaws. Such individuals shall enjoy all of the rights, privileges, and obligations of REALTOR® Membership (including compliance with the Code of Ethics) except: obligations related to association-mandated education, meeting, attendance, or indoctrination classes or other similar requirements; the right to use the term REALTOR® in connection with their franchise organization’s name; and the right to hold elective office in the local association, state association and National Association.

(4) Primary and secondary REALTOR® Members. An individual is a primary member if the Association pays state and National dues based on such Member. An individual is a secondary Member if state and National dues are remitted through another Association. One of the principals in a real estate firm must be a Designated REALTOR® member of the Association in order for licensees affiliated with the firm to select the Association as their “primary” Association.

(5) Designated REALTOR® Members. Each firm (or office in the case of firms with multiple office locations) shall designate in writing one REALTOR® Member who shall be responsible for all duties and obligations of Membership including the obligation to arbitrate (or to mediate if required by the association) pursuant to Article 17 of the Code and Ethics and the payment of Association dues as established in Article X of the Bylaws. The “ Designated REALTOR®” must be a sole proprietor, partner, corporate officer, or branch office manager acting on behalf of the firm’s principal(s) and must meet all other qualifications for REALTOR® Membership established in Article V, Section 2, of the Bylaws.

(b) Institute Affiliate Members. Institute Affiliate members shall be individuals who hold a professional designation awarded by an Institute, Society, or Council affiliated with the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® that addresses a specialty area other than residential brokerage or individuals who otherwise hold a class of membership in such Institute, Society or Council that confers the right to hold office. Any such individual, if otherwise eligible, may elect to hold REALTOR® membership, subject to payment of applicable dues for such membership.

(c) Affiliate Members. Affiliate Members shall be real estate owners and other individuals or firms who, while not engaged in the real estate profession as defined in paragraph (a) of this Section, have interests requiring information concerning real estate, and are in sympathy with the objectives of the Association.

(d) Public Service Members. Public Service Members shall be individuals who are interested in the real estate profession as employees of or affiliated with educational, public utility, governmental or other similar organizations, but are not engaged in the real estate profession on their own account or in association with an established real estate business.

(e) Honorary Members. Honorary Members shall be individuals who have performed notable service for the real estate profession, for the Association, and the public, who have reached the age of 65, retired from and not engaged in the real estate business, and who have been in good standing with the Association a continuous ten (10) years.

(f) Student Members. Student members shall be individuals who are seeking an undergraduate or graduate degree with a specialization or major in real estate at institutions of higher learning and who have completed at least two years of college and at least one college level course in real estate, but are not engaged in the real estate business on their own account or not associated with an established real estate office.

ARTICLE V - Qualification & Election

Section 1. Application.

(a) An application for membership shall be made in such manner and form as may be prescribed by the Board of Directors and made available to anyone requesting it. The application form shall contain among the statements to be signed by the applicant (1) that applicant agrees as a condition to membership to thoroughly familiarize himself with the Code of Ethics of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®, the Constitutions, Bylaws, and Rules and Regulations of the Association, the State and National Associations, and if elected a Member, will abide by the Constitutions and Bylaws and Rules and Regulations of the Association, State and National Associations, and if a REALTOR® Member, will abide by the Code of Ethics of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® including the obligation to arbitrate (or to mediate if required by the association) controversies arising out of real estate transactions as specified by Article 17 of the Code of Ethics, and as further specified in the Code of Ethics and Arbitrational Manual of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®, as from time to time amended, and (2) that applicant consents that the Association, through its Membership Committee or otherwise, may invite and receive information and comment about applicant from any Member or other persons, and that applicant agrees that any information and comment furnished to the Association by an person in response to the invitation shall be conclusively deemed to be privileged and not form the basis of any action for slander, libel, or defamation of character. The applicant shall, with the form of application, have access to a copy of the Bylaws, Constitution, Rules and Regulations, and Code of Ethics referred to above.

Section 2. Qualification.

(a) An applicant for REALTOR® membership is a sole proprietor, partner, corporate officer, or branch office manager of a real estate firm shall supply evidence satisfactory to the association, through its membership committee or otherwise, that he/she is actively engaged in the real estate profession, and maintains a current, valid real estate broker’s or salesperson’s license or is licensed or certified by an appropriate state regulatory agency to engage in the appraisal of real property, has a place of business within the state or a state contiguous thereto (unless a secondary member), has no record of recent or pending bankruptcy* has no record of official sanctions involving unprofessional conduct**, agrees to complete a course of instruction covering the Bylaws and rules and regulations of the association, the Bylaws of the State Association, and the Constitution and Bylaws and Code of Ethics of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®, and shall pass such reasonable and nondiscriminatory written examination thereon, as may be required by the committee, and shall agree if elected to membership, he/she will abide by such Constitutions, Bylaws, rules and regulations, and Code of Ethics.

*No recent or pending bankruptcy is intended to mean that the applicant or an real estate firm in which the applicant is a sole proprietor, general partner, corporate officer, or branch manager, is not involved in any pending bankruptcy or insolvency proceedings or, has not been adjudged bankrupt in the past three (3) years. If a bankruptcy proceeding as described above exists, membership may not be rejected unless the association establishes that its interests and those of its members and the public could not be adequately protected by requiring that the bankrupt applicant pay cash in advance for association and MLS fees for up to one (1) year from the date of membership is approved or from the date that the applicant is discharged from bankruptcy (whichever is later). In the event that an existing member initiates bankruptcy proceedings, the member may be placed on a “cash basis” from the date that the bankruptcy is initiated until one (1) year from the date that the member has been discharged from bankruptcy.

**No record of official sanctions involving unprofessional conduct is intended to mean that the association may only consider:

A. judgments against the applicant within the past three (3) years of violations of (1) civil rights laws, (2) real estate license laws, and (3) or other laws prohibiting unprofessional conduct against the applicant rendered by the courts or other lawful authorities.

B. criminal convictions if (1) the crime was punishable by death or imprisonment in excess of one year under the law which the applicant was convicted, and (2) no more than ten (10) years have elapsed since the date of the conviction or the release of the applicant from the confinement imposed for that conviction, whichever is the later date.

(b) Individuals who are actively engaged in the real estate profession other than as sole proprietors, partners, corporate officers, or branch office managers, in order to qualify for REALTOR® membership, shall at the time of application be associated either as an employee or as an independent contractor with a designated REALTOR® member of the association or a designated REALTOR® member of another association (if a secondary member) and must maintain a current, valid real estate broker’s or salesperson’s license or be licensed or certified by an appropriate state regulatory agency to engage in the appraisal of real property, has no record of official sanctions involving unprofessional conduct*, shall complete a course of instruction covering the Bylaws and rules and regulations of the association, the Bylaws of the State Association, and the Constitution and Bylaws and the Code of Ethics of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®, and shall pass such reasonable and nondiscriminatory written examinations thereon as may be required by the membership committee, and shall agree in writing that if elected to membership he/she will abide by such Constitution, Bylaws, rules and regulations, and the Code of Ethics.

*No recent of official sanctions involving unprofessional conduct is intended to mean that the association may only consider:

A. judgments against the applicant within the past three (3) years of violations of (1) civil right laws, (2) real estate license laws, and (3) or other laws prohibiting unprofessional conduct against the applicant rendered by the courts or other lawful authorities.

B. criminal convictions if (1) the crime was punishable by death or imprisonment in excess of one year under the law under which the applicant was convicted, and (2) no more than ten years have elapsed since the date of the conviction or the release of the applicant from the confinement imposed for that conviction, whichever is the later date.

(c) The Association will also consider the following in determining an applicant’s qualifications for REALTOR® membership:

1. All final findings of Code of Ethics violations and violations of other membership duties in any other Association within the past three (3) years
2. Pending ethics complaints (or hearings)
3. Unsatisfied discipline pending
4. Pending arbitration requests (or hearings)
5. Unpaid arbitration awards or unpaid financial obligations to any other Association or Association MLS.
6. Any misuse of the term REALTOR® or REALTORS® in the name of the applicant’s firm.

“Provisional” membership may be granted in instances where ethics complaints or arbitration requests (or hearings) are pending in other associations or where the applicant for membership has unsatisfied discipline pending in another association (except for violations of the Code of Ethics; See Article V, Section 2 (a) NOTE 2) provided all other qualifications for membership have been satisfied. Associations may reconsider the membership status of such individuals when all pending ethics and arbitration matters (and related discipline) have been resolved or if such matters are not resolved within six months from the date that provisional membership is approved. Provisional members shall be considered REALTORS® and shall be subject to all of the same privileges and obligations of REALTOR® membership.

Section 3. Election.

The procedure for election to membership shall be as follows:

(a) The Membership Committee shall determine whether the applicant is applying for the appropriate class of membership. It shall then give written notice to the REALTOR® Members of such application and invite written comment. If one or more of the REALTOR® Members object to the approval of the application, basing such objection on lack of qualification as set forth in these Bylaws, the Committee shall invite any objecting Member to appear and substantiate his objections. Objections which are not substantiated shall be totally disregarded. The Committee may not find objections substantiated without (1) informing the applicant in advance, in writing, of the objections and identifying the objecting Member, and (2) giving the applicant a full opportunity to appear before the Committee and establish his qualifications. The Committee shall thereafter make a written report of the findings. The Membership Committee shall conduct all proceedings with strict attention to the Association principles of due process and compliance with the Bylaws of the Association.

(b) Thereafter, within sixty (60) days, the Membership Committee shall report its recommendation to the Board of Directors in writing. If the recommendation is adverse to the approval of the application, the reasons, therefore, shall be specifically stated. If any member of the Membership Committee submits a dissenting recommendation, it shall also be transmitted to the Board of Directors.

(c) The Board of Directors shall review the qualifications of the applicant and the recommendation of the Committee and then vote on his eligibility to membership. If applicant receives a majority vote of the Board of Directors, he shall be declared elected to membership and shall be advised by written notice.

(d) The Board of Directors may not reject an application without providing the applicant with advance written notice of the findings and recommendations of the Membership Committee; an opportunity to appear before the Board of Directors, to call witnesses on his behalf, to be represented by counsel, and to make such statements as he deems relevant. The Board of Directors may also have counsel present. The Board of Directors shall require that written minutes be made of any hearing before it or may electronically or mechanically record the proceedings.

(e) If the Board of Directors determines that the application should be rejected, it shall record its reasons with the Secretary. If the Board of Directors believes that denial of membership to the applicant may become the basis of litigation and a claim of damage by the applicant, it may specify that denial shall become effective upon entry in a suit by the Association for a declaratory judgment by a court of competent jurisdiction of a final judgment declaring that the rejection violates no rights of the applicant.

Section 4. New Member Code of Ethics Orientation.

Applicants for REALTOR® membership and provisional REALTORS® shall complete an orientation program on the Code of Ethics of not less than (2) two hours and (30) thirty minutes of instructional time. This requirement does not apply to applicants for REALTOR® membership who have completed comparable orientation in another association, provided that REALTOR® membership has been continuous, or that any break in membership is for (1) one year or less.

Failure to satisfy this requirement within 180 days of the date of application will result in denial of the membership application or termination of provisional membership.

NOTE: Orientation programs must meet the learning objectives and minimum criteria established from time to time by the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®.

Section 5. REALTOR® Code of Ethics Training.

Effective January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2004, and for successive four year periods thereafter, each REALTOR® member of the Association (with the exception of REALTOR® members granted REALTOR® Emeritus status by the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®) shall be required to complete quadrennial ethics training of not less than (2) two hours and (30) thirty minutes of instructional time. This requirement will be satisfied upon presentation of documentation that the member has completed a course of instruction conducted by this or another association, the State Association of REALTORS®, the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®, or any other recognized educational institution or provider which meets the learning objectives and minimum criteria established by the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® from time to time. REALTOR® members who have completed training as a requirement of membership in another association and REALTOR® members who have completed the New Member Code of Ethics Orientation during any four year cycle shall not be required to complete additional ethics training until a new four year cycle commences.

Failure to complete the required periodic ethics training shall be considered a violation of a membership duty.

Failure to meet the requirement will result in suspension of membership for the first (2) two months (January and February) of the year following the end of any (4) four year cycle or until the requirement is met, whichever occurs sooner. On March 1 of that year, the membership of a member who is still suspended as of that date will be automatically terminated.

Section 6. Status Changes.

(a) A REALTOR® who changes the conditions under which he holds membership shall be required to provide written notification to the Association within 30 (thirty) days. A REALTOR® (non-principal) who becomes a principal in the firm with which he has been licensed or, alternatively, becomes a principal in a new firm which will be comprised of REALTOR® principals may be required to satisfy any previously unsatisfied membership requirements applicable to REALTOR® (principal) Members but shall, during the period of transition from one status of membership to another, be subject to all of the privileges and obligations of a REALTOR® (principal). If the REALTOR® (non-principal) does not satisfy the requirements established in these Bylaws for the category of membership to which they have transferred with 60 (sixty) days of the date they advised the Association of their change in status, their new membership application will terminate automatically unless otherwise so directed by the Board of Directors.

A REALTOR® who is transferring their license from one firm comprised of REALTOR® principals to another firm comprised of REALTOR® principals shall be subject to all of the privileges and obligations of membership during the period of transition. If the transfer is not completed with 30 (thirty) days of the date the Association is advised of the disaffiliation with the current firm, membership will terminate automatically unless otherwise so directed by the Board of Directors.

(The Board of Directors, at its discretion, may waive any qualification which the applicant has already fulfilled in accordance with the Association’s Bylaws.)

(b) Any application fee related to a change in membership status shall be reduced by an amount equal to any application fee previously paid by the applicant.

(c) Dues shall be prorated from the first day of the month in which the membership application is received and shall be based on the new membership status for the remainder of the year.

ARTICLE VI - Privileges and Obligations

Section 1.  The privileges and obligations of Members, in addition to those otherwise provided in these Bylaws, shall be as specified in this Article.

Section 2.  Any member of the Association may be reprimanded, fined, placed on probation, suspended, or expelled by the Board of Directors for a violation of these Bylaws and Association Rules and Regulations not inconsistent with these Bylaws, after a hearing as provided in the Code of Ethics and Arbitration Manual of the Association. Although Members other than REALTORS® are not subject to the Code of Ethics nor its enforcement by the Association, such Members are encouraged to abide by the principles established in the Code of Ethics of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® and conduct their business and professional practices accordingly. Further, Members other than REALTORS® may, upon recommendation of the Membership Committee, or upon recommendation by a hearing panel of the Professional Standards Committee, be subject to discipline as described above, for any conduct which in the opinion of the Board of Directors, applied on a nondiscriminatory basis, reflects adversely on the terms REALTOR®, REALTORS® and the real estate industry, or for conduct that is inconsistent with or adverse to the objectives and purposes of the local Association, the State Association, and the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®.

Section 3.  Any REALTOR® Member of the Association may be disciplined by the Board of Directors for violations of the Code of Ethics or other duties of membership, after a hearing as described in the Code of Ethics and Arbitration Manual of the Association provided that the discipline imposed is consistent with the discipline authorized by the Professional Standards Committee of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® as set forth in the Code of Ethics and Arbitration Manual of the National Association.

Section 4.  Resignations of Members shall become effective when received in writing by the Board of Directors, provided, however, that if the Member submitting the resignation is indebted to the Association for dues, fees, fines, or other assessments of the Association or of any of its services, departments, division, or subsidiaries, the Association may condition the right of the resigning Member to reapply for membership upon payment in full of all such monies owed.

Section 5.  If a Member resigns from the Association or otherwise causes membership to terminate with an ethics complaint pending, the Board of Directors may condition the right of the resigning Member to reapply for membership upon the applicant’s certification that he will submit to the pending ethics or arbitration proceeding and will abide by the decision of the hearing panel.

(a) If a member resigns or otherwise causes membership to terminate, the duty to submit to arbitration (or to mediation if required by the association) continues in effect even after membership lapses or is terminated, provided that the dispute arose while the former member was a REALTOR®.

Section 6.  REALTOR® Members, whether primary or secondary, in good standing whose financial obligations to the Association are paid in full shall be entitled to vote and to hold elective office in the Association; may use the terms REALTOR® or REALTORS®, which use shall be subject to the provisions of Article VIII; and have the primary responsibility to safeguard and promote the standards, interests, and welfare of the Association and the real estate profession.

(a) If a REALTOR® Member is a sole proprietor in a firm, a partner in a partnership or an officer in a corporation and is suspended or expelled, the firm, partnership, or corporation shall not use the terms REALTOR® or REALTORS® in connection with its business during the period of suspension, or until readmission to REALTOR® Membership, or unless connection with the Firm, partnership, or corporation is severed, whichever may apply. The membership of all other principals, partners, or corporate officers shall suspend or terminate during the period of suspension of the disciplined Member, or until readmission of the disciplined Member, or unless connection of the disciplined Member with the firm, partnership, or corporation is severed, whichever may apply. Further, the membership of REALTORS® other than principals who are employed by or affiliated as independent contractors with the disciplined Member shall suspend or terminate during the period of suspension of the disciplined Member or until readmission of the disciplined Member or until connection the disciplined Member with the firm, partnership, or corporation is severed, or unless the REALTOR® Member (non-principal) elects to sever his connection with the REALTOR® and affiliate with another REALTOR® Member in good standing in the Association, whichever may apply. If a REALTOR® Member who is other than a principal in a firm, partnership, or corporation is suspended or expelled, the use of the terms REALTOR® or REALTORS® by the firm, partnership, or corporation shall not be affected.

(b) In any action taken against a REALTOR® Member for suspension or expulsion under Section 6 (a) hereof, notice of such action shall be given to all REALTORS® employed by or affiliated as independent contractors with such REALTOR® Member and they shall be advised that the provisions in Article VI, Section 6 (a) shall apply.

(c) Leaves of absence up to one year may be granted by the Board of Directors. Written requests for leaves of absence will be reviewed by the Membership Committee and forwarded with recommendations to the Board of Directors. Financial obligations to the Association must be current prior to any leave of absence being granted. Member would pay no dues or fees during leave of absence nor pay any initiation fees upon return to Active status. Member would receive no Association services or be allowed to use the term REALTOR® during the leave of absence. Request for extension of leave of absence will be processed in the same manner as the original request.

Leave of absence from MLS would be automatic and run concurrent with any leave of absence from Association Membership.

Section 7. Institute Affiliate Members.  Institute Affiliate Members shall have rights and privileges and be subject to obligations prescribed by the Board of Directors consistent with the Constitution and Bylaws of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®.

NOTE: Local Associations establish the rights and privileges to be conferred on Institute Affiliate Members except that no Institute Affiliate Member may be granted the right to use the term REALTOR®, REALTOR-ASSOCIATE®, or the REALTOR® logo; to serve as President of the local Association; or to be a participant in the local Association’s Multiple Listing Service.

Section 8. Affiliate Members.  Affiliate Members shall have rights and privileges and be subject to obligations prescribed by the Board of Directors.

Section 9. Public Service Members.  Public Service Members shall have rights and privileges and be subject to obligations prescribed by the Board of Directors.

Section 10. Honorary Members.  Honorary Membership shall confer only the right to attend meetings and participate in discussions.

Section 11. Student Members.  Student Members shall have rights and privileges and be subject to obligations prescribed by the Board of Directors.

Section 12. Certification by REALTOR®.  “Designated” REALTOR® Members of the Association shall certify to the Association during the month of November on a form provided by the Association, a complete listing of all individuals licensed or certified in the REALTOR®’s office (s) and shall designate a primary Association for each individual who holds membership. Designated REALTORS® shall also identify any non-member licensees in the REALTOR®’s office (s) and if Designated REALTOR® Dues have been paid to another Association based on said non-member licensees, the Designated REALTOR® shall identify the Association to which dues have been remitted. These declarations shall be used for purposes of calculating dues under Article X, Section 2 (a) of the Bylaws. “Designated” REALTOR® Members shall also notify the Association of any additional individual(s) licensed or certified with the firm (s) within 30 (thirty) days of the date of affiliated or severance of the individual.

Section 13. Harassment.  Any member of the Association may be reprimanded, placed on probation, suspended or expelled for harassment of an Association or MLS employee or Association Officer or Director after an investigation in accordance with the procedures of the Association. As used in this Section, harassment means any verbal or physical conduct including threatening or obscene language, unwelcome sexual advances, stalking, actions including strikes, shoves, kicks, or other similar physical contact, or threats to do the same, or any other conduct with purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individuals’ work performance by creating a hostile, intimidating or offensive work environment. The decision of the appropriate disciplinary action to be taken shall be made by the investigatory team comprised of the President, and President-Elect and/or Vice President and one member of the Board of Directors selected by the highest ranking officer not named in the complaint, upon consultation with legal counsel for the association. Disciplinary action may include any sanction authorized in the association’s Code of Ethics and Arbitration Manual. If the complaint names the President, President-Elect or Vice-President, they many not participate in the proceedings and shall be replaced by the Immediate Past President or, alternatively, by another member of the Board of Directors selected by the highest ranking officer not named in the complaint.

NOTE: Suggested procedures for processing complaints of harassment are available on line at http:///www.REALTOR.org or from the Member Policy Department.

ARTICLE VII - Professional Standards & Arbitration

Section 1.  The responsibility of the Association and of Association Members relating to the enforcement of the Code of Ethics, the disciplining of Members and the arbitration of disputes, and the organization and procedures incident thereto shall be governed by the Code of Ethics and Arbitration Manual of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®, as amended from time to time, which is by this reference incorporated into these Bylaws, provided, that any provision deemed inconsistent with state law be deleted or amended to comply with state law.

Section 2.  It shall be the duty and responsibility of every REALTOR® Member of this Association to abide by the Constitution and Bylaws and the Rules and Regulations of the Association, the Constitution and Bylaws of the State Association, the Constitution and Bylaws of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®, and to abide by the Code of Ethics of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®, including the duty to mediate and arbitrate controversies arising out of real estate transactions as specified by Article 17 of the Code of Ethics, and as further defined and in accordance with the procedures set forth in the Code of Ethics and Arbitration Manual of this Association as from time to time amended.

Section 3.  The responsibility of the Association and of Association Members relating to the enforcement of the Code of Ethics, the disciplining of members, the arbitration of disputes, and the organization and procedures incident thereto, shall be consistent with the cooperative professional standards enforcement agreement entered into by the Association, which by this reference is made a part of these Bylaws.

ARTICLE VIII - Use of the Terms REALTOR® or REALTORS®

Section 1.  Use of the terms REALTOR® and REALTORS® by Members shall, at all times, be subject to the provisions of the Constitution and Bylaws of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® and to the Rules and Regulations prescribed by its Board of Directors. The Association shall have the authority to control, jointly and in full cooperation with the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®, use of the terms within its jurisdiction. Any misuse of the terms by members is a violation of a membership duty and may subject members to disciplinary action by the Board of Directors after a hearing as provided for in the Association’s Code of Ethics and Arbitration Manual.

Section 2.  REALTOR® Members of the Association shall have the privilege of using the terms REALTOR® and REALTORS® in connection with their places of business within the State or a State contiguous thereto so long as they remain REALTOR® Members in good standing. No other class of Members shall have this privilege.

Section 3.  A REALTOR® Member who is a principal of a real estate firm, partnership, or corporation may use the terms REALTOR® and REALTORS® only if all the principals of such firm, partnership, or corporation who are actively engaged in the real estate profession within the state or a state contiguous thereto are REALTOR® Members of the Association or Institute Affiliate Members as described in Section 1(b) of Article IV.

(a) In the case of a REALTOR® member who is a principal of a real estate firm, partnership, or corporation whose business activity is substantially all commercial, the right to use the term REALTOR® or REALTORS® shall be limited to office locations in which a principal, partner, corporate officer, or branch office manager of the firm, partnership, or corporation holds REALTOR® membership. If a firm, partnership, or corporation operates additional places of business in which no principal, partner, corporate officer, or branch office manager holds REALTOR® membership, the term REALTOR® or REALTORS® may not be used in any reference to those additional places of business.

Section 4.  Institute Affiliate Members shall not use the terms REALTOR® or REALTORS®, nor the imprint of the emblem seal of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®.

ARTICLE IX - State and National Memberships

Section 1.  The Association shall be a Member of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® and the North Carolina Association of REALTORS®. By reason of the Association’s Membership, each REALTOR® Member of the Member Association shall be entitled to membership in the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® and the North Carolina Association of REALTORS® without further payment of dues. The Association shall continue as a Member of the State and National Associations, unless by a majority vote of all of its REALTOR® Members, decision is made to withdraw, in which case the State and National Associations shall be notified at least one month in advance of the date designated for the termination of such membership

Section 2.  The Association recognizes the exclusive property rights of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® in the terms REALTOR® and REALTORS®. The Association shall discontinue use of the terms in any form in its name, upon ceasing to be a Member of the National Association, or upon a determination by the Board of Directors of the National Association that it has violated the conditions imposed upon the terms.

Section 3.  The Association adopts the Code of Ethics of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® and agrees to enforce the Code among its REALTOR® Members. The Association and all of its Members agree to abide by the Constitution, Bylaws, Rules and Regulations, and policies of the National Association and the North Carolina Association of REALTORS®.

ARTICLE X - Dues & Assessments

Section 1. Application Fee.  The Board of Directors may adopt an application fee for REALTOR® Membership in reasonable amount, not exceeding three times the amount of the annual dues for REALTOR® Membership, which shall be required to accompany each application for REALTOR® Membership and which shall become the property of the Association upon final approval of the application.

Section 2. Dues.  The annual dues of Members shall be as follows:

(a) REALTOR® Members. The annual dues for each Designated REALTOR® Member shall be in such amount established annually by the Board of Directors plus the same amount times the number of real estate salespersons and licensed or certified appraiser who (1) are employed by or affiliated as independent contractors, or who are otherwise directly or indirectly licensed with such REALTOR® Member, and (2) are not REALTOR® Member of any Association in the state or a state contiguous thereto or Institute Affiliate Member of the Association. In calculating the dues payable to the Association by a Designated REALTOR® Member, non-member licensees as defined in Section 2(a) (1) and (2) of this Article shall not be included in the computation of dues if the DR has paid dues based on said non-member licensees in another Association in the state or a state contiguous thereto, provided the Designated REALTOR® notifies the Association in writing of the identity of the Association to which dues have been remitted. In the case of a Designated REALTOR® Member in a firm, partnership, or corporation whose business activity is substantially all commercial, any assessments for non-member licensees shall be limited to licensees affiliated with the Designated REALTOR® (as defined in (1) and (2) of this paragraph) in the office where the Designated REALTOR® holds membership, and any other offices of the firm located within the jurisdiction of this Association.

(1) For the purpose of this Section a REALTOR® Member of a Member Association shall be held to be any Member who has a place or places of business within the state or a state contiguous thereto and who, as a principal, partner, corporate officer, or branch office manager of a real estate firm, partnership, or corporation, is actively engaged in the real estate profession as defined in Article III, Section 1, of the Constitution of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®. An individual shall be deemed to be licensed with a REALTOR® if the license of the individual is held by the REALTOR®, or by any broker who is licensed with the REALTOR®, or by any entity in which the REALTOR® has a direct or indirect ownership interest and is engaged in other aspects of the real estate business (except as provided for in Section 2 (a) (1) hereof) provided that such licensee is not otherwise included in the computation of dues payable by the principal, partner, corporate officer, or branch office manager of the entity.

A REALTOR® with a direct or indirect ownership interest in an entity engaged exclusively in soliciting and/or referring clients and customers to the REALTOR® for consideration on a substantially exclusive basis shall annually file with the association on a form approved by the association a list of the licensees affiliated with that entity and shall certify that all of the licensees affiliated with the entity are solely engaged in referring clients and customers and are not engaged in listing, selling, leasing, managing, counseling or appraising real property. The individuals disclosed on such form shall not be deemed to be licensed with the REALTOR® filing the form for the purposes of this Section and shall not be included in calculation the annual dues of the Designated REALTOR®

Membership dues shall be prorated for any licensee included on a certification form submitted to the association who during the same calendar year applies for REALTOR® or REALTOR-ASSOCIATE® membership in the association. However, membership dues shall not be prorated if the licensee held REALTOR® or REALTOR-ASSOCIATE® membership during the preceding calendar year.

(b) The Dues of all other classes of Membership shall be in such amount as established annually by the Board of Directors.

(c) Institute Affiliate Members. The annual dues of each Institute Affiliate Member shall be as established in Article II of the Bylaws of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®.

NOTE: The Institutes, Societies and Councils of the National Association shall be responsible for collecting and remitting dues to the National Association for Institute Affiliate Members ($75.00). The National Association shall credit $25.00 to the account of a local association for each Institute Affiliate Member whose office address is within the assigned territorial jurisdiction of that association, provided, however, if the office location is also within the territorial jurisdiction of a Commercial Overlay Board (COB), the $25.00 amount will be credited to the COB, unless the Institute Affiliate Member directs that the dues be distributed to the other board. The National Association shall also credit $25.00 to the account of the state associations for each Institute Affiliate Member whose office address is located within the territorial jurisdiction of the state association. Local and state associations may not establish any additional entrance initiation fees or dues for Institute Affiliate Members, but may provide service packages to which Institute Affiliate Members may voluntarily subscribe.

Section 3. Dues Payable.  Membership dues for the calendar year are due on January 1, payable by January 31. Notice will be given on February 1 that the membership will be terminated on February 15 if payment is not received by that date. If a member is terminated for nonpayment of dues, a reinstatement fee to be determined annually by the Board of Directors will be charged. Dues for new members are payable with application for membership and will be prorated from the first day of the month in which the membership application is received.

Section 4 (a). Nonpayment of Financial Obligations.  If dues, fees, fines, or other assessments, except MLS fees are not paid within one (1) month after the due date, the nonpaying Member is subject to suspension at the discretion of the Board of Directors. Two (2) months after the due date, membership of the nonpaying Member may be terminated at the discretion of the Board of Directors. Three (3) months after the due date, membership of the nonpaying Member shall automatically terminate unless within that time the amount due is paid. However, no action shall be taken to suspend or expel a Member for nonpayment of disputed amounts until the accuracy of the amount owed has been confirmed by the Board of Directors. A former Member who has had his membership terminated for nonpayment of dues, fees, fines, or other assessments duly levied in accordance with the provisions of these Bylaws or the provisions of other Rules and Regulations of the Association or any of its services, departments, divisions or subsidiaries may apply for reinstatement in a manner prescribed for new applicants for membership, after making payment in full of all accounts due as of the date of termination.

Section 4 (b). Multiple Listing Service Fee.  Multiple Listing Service Fees are due and payable on the first day of each month and delinquent if not paid by the fifteenth (15th) of each month. If Multiple Listing fees are not paid within thirty (30) days of the delinquent date, the delinquent MLS “Participant” shall be automatically suspended from the Association and MLS Services (subject to existing MLS Rules pertaining to listings of expelled Participants). The delinquent Member may be reinstated upon payment in full of the amount due, plus a reinstatement charge of $50.00. If no reinstatement is made within thirty (30) days of suspension, the delinquent Members’ Association Membership and all Association services will be terminated with the approval of the Board of Directors, after verification of the amount owed.

Section 5. Deposit.  All monies received by the Association for any purpose shall be deposited to the credit of the Association in a financial institution or institutions selected by resolution of the Board of Directors.

Section 6. Expenditures.  The Board of Directors shall administer the finances of the Association, but shall not incur any obligation in excess of $500.00 over the available cash on hand without the authorization by vote of a majority of all the REALTOR® Members. The Board of Directors shall not obligate the Association for any civic or charitable contributions or pledges that would place any commitment on a future Board of Directors.

Section 7. Notice of Dues, Fees, Fines, Assessment, and Other Financial Obligations of Members.  All dues, fees, fines, assessments, or other financial obligations to the Association’s Multiple Listing Service shall be noticed to the delinquent Association Member in writing setting forth the amount owed and due date

Section 8.  The dues of REALTOR® members who are REALTOR® Emeriti (as recognized by the National Association), past presidents of the National Association or recipients of the Distinguished Service Award shall be as determined by the board of directors.

NOTE: A Member Board’s dues obligation to the National Association is reduced by an amount equal to the amount which the association is assessed for a REALTOR® member, times the number of REALTOR® Emeriti (as recognized by the National Association), past presidents of the National Association, and recipients of the Distinguished Service Award of the National Association who are REALTOR® members of the association. The dues obligation of such individuals to the local association should be reduced to reflect the reduction in the association’s dues obligation to the National Association. The association may, at its option, choose to have no dues requirement for such individuals except as may be required to meet the association’s obligation to the State Association with respect to such individuals. Member Boards should determine whether the dues payable by the association to the State Association are reduced with respect to such individuals. It should be noted that this does not affect “designated” REALTOR®’s dues obligation to the association with respect to those licensees employed by or affiliated with the “designated” REALTOR® who are not members of the local association.

ARTICLE XI - Officers and Directors

Section 1. Officers.  The elected Officers of the Association shall be: a President, a President-Elect, three Vice Presidents (Membership, Public Relations and Education), a Secretary and a Treasurer. The Secretary and Treasurer may be the same person. They shall be elected for a term of one (1) year. The President-Elect shall automatically succeed to the position of President in the year after his or her term without the necessity of standing for election. In order to be eligible for election to President-Elect, the candidate must have served in some capacity on the Board of Directors for a minimum of one (1) year within the last five (5) years.

Section 2. Duties of Officers.  The duty of the officers shall be such as their title, by general usage, would indicate and such as may be assigned to them by the Board of Directors. It shall be the particular duty of the Secretary to keep the records of the Association and to carry on all necessary correspondence with the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS® and the North Carolina Association of REALTORS®. The President, Treasurer and Executive Officer shall have custody of all funds, property and securities of the Association.

Section 3. Board of Directors.

(a) The governing body of the Association shall be a Board of Directors consisting of the elective officers and six REALTOR® Members of the Association, the Chairman of the Multiple Listing Committee and the immediate Past-President. Directors shall be elected to serve for terms of three (3) years, except that at organization, one-third of elective Directors shall be elected for terms of one, two, and three years, respectively, or for such lesser terms as may be necessary to complete the first fiscal year. Thereafter as many Directors shall be elected each year as are required to fill vacancies. The Chairman of the Multiple Listing Committee shall serve as a Director for period of one year.

Section 4. Election of Officers and Directors.

(a) At least two months before the annual election a nominating committee of five (5) REALTOR® Members shall be appointed by a President with the approval of the Board of Directors. The nominating committee shall select one or more candidates for each office, one or more candidates for each place to be filled on the Board of Directors and MLS Committee. (To be eligible for nomination for Officer and Director, a candidate must have no less than three (3) consecutive years of REALTOR® Membership in the Association as of January 1st following election.) The report of the nominating committee shall be mailed or where permitted by State law, electronically transmitted to each REALTOR® Member eligible to vote, at least three weeks preceding the election. Additional candidates for the offices to be filled may be placed in nomination by petition signed by at least twenty (20%) percent of the REALTOR® Members. The petition shall be filed with the Secretary at least two (2) weeks before the election. To be placed on the ballot by petition, the candidate must meet the same eligibility requirements as those mentioned in Section 1. And Section 4 above.

(b) The election of Officers and Directors shall take place at the annual meeting.. The annual election shall be held each year during the month of September at a place or places designated by the Board of Directors. The times and polls will open and close on Election Day shall be determined by the Election Committee and be published at least three weeks prior to the election. Election shall be by ballot. The ballot shall contain the names of all candidates and the offices for which they are nominated. No Officer, Director, or MLS Committee Member shall succeed him or herself other than the Secretary-Treasurer. The Secretary-Treasurer may succeed him or herself one (1) time. Absentee voting shall be permitted provided the absentee ballot is cast in person and signed at the Association’s Office during regular scheduled office hours, within eight (8) days prior to the election where permitted by state law, and in accordance with applicable state requirements, election of officers may be conducted by electronic means, in accordance with procedures established by the Board of Directors. Candidates receiving the largest number of votes cast are elected. In case of a tie vote, the election shall be determined by lot.

Section 5. Vacancies.  Vacancies among the Officers and Directors or the MLS Committee, with the exception of the President-Elect, shall be filled by the Board of Directors for the remainder of the unexpired term of that particular vacancy. A vacancy in the President-Elect position will be filled during the next regular election by the Membership. Should a vacancy occur in the President-Elect position between Election Day in September and December 31st, a special election will be held.

Section 6. Removal of Officers and Directors.  In the event that an officer or director is deemed to be incapable of fulfilling the duties for which elected, but will not resign from office voluntarily, the officer or director may be removed from office under the following procedure.

(a) A petition requiring the removal of an officer or director and signed by not less than one-third of the voting membership or a majority of all directors shall be filed with the President, or if the President is the subject of the petition, with the next ranking officer, and shall specifically set forth the reasons the individual is deemed to be disqualified from further service.
(b) Upon receipt of the petition, and not less than twenty (20) days or more than forty-five (45) days thereafter, a special meeting of the voting membership of the association shall be held, and the sole business of the meeting shall be to consider the charge against the officer or director, and to render a decision on such petition.
(c) The special meeting shall be noticed to all voting members at least ten (10) days prior to the meeting, and shall be conducted by the president of the association unless the president’s continued service in office is being considered at the meeting. In such case, the next-ranking officer will conduct the meeting of the hearing by the members. Provided a quorum is present, a three-fourths vote of members present and voting shall be required for removal from office.

Section 7. Executive Staff Officer.  The Board of Directors may employ an Executive Officer and may delegate to him all or part of the duties of Secretary and Treasurer and may otherwise prescribe his functions. The Executive Officer may employ such other persons as may be properly necessary to conduct the activities of the Association with the approval of the Board of Directors.

ARTICLE XII - Meetings

Section 1. Annual Meetings.  The annual meeting of the Association shall be held during September of each year, the date, place, and hour to be designated by the Board of Directors.

Section 2. Meetings of Directors.  The Board of Directors shall designate a regular time and place of meetings. Absence from three regular meetings without an excuse deemed valid by the Board of Directors shall be construed as a resignation therefrom. Fifty-one percent (51%) of the Board of Directors shall be a quorum.

Section 3. Other Meetings.  Meetings of the Members may be held at such other times as the President or the Board of Directors may determine, or upon the written request of at least ten percent (10%) of the REALTOR® Members.

Section 4. Notice of Meetings.  Written or where permitted by State law, electronically transmitted notice shall be given to every member entitled to participate in the meeting at least one (1) week preceding all meetings. If a special meeting is called it shall be accompanied by a statement for the purpose of the meeting.

Section 5. Quorum.  A quorum for the transaction of business at general membership meetings shall consist of those REALTOR® Members present.

Section 6. Electronic Transaction of Business.  To the fullest extent permitted by law, the Board of Directors or membership may conduct business by electronic means.

Section 7. Action without Meeting.  Unless specifically prohibited by the articles of incorporation, any action required or permitted to be taken at a meeting of the board of directors may be taken without a meeting if a consent in writing, setting forth the action so taken, shall be signed by all of the directors. The consent shall be evidenced by one or more written approvals, each of which sets forth the action taken and bears the signature of one or more directors. All the approvals evidencing the consent shall be delivered to the secretary to be filed in the corporate records. The action taken shall be effective when all the directors have approved the consent unless the consent specifies a different effective date.

ARTICLE XIII - Committees

Section 1. Standing Committees.  The President shall appoint from among the REALTOR® Members subject to confirmation by the Board of Directors, the following standing Committees:

Professional Standards
Bylaws
Equal Opportunity
Education
Membership
Finance & Budget
Public Relations
Grievance
Legislative and Political Affairs

*Appointments to the Professional Standards Committee and Grievance Committee shall be consistent with the cooperative professional standards enforcement agreement of the Association.

Section 2. Special Committees.  The President shall appoint, subject to confirmation by the Board of Directors, special Committees deemed necessary.

Section 3. Organization.  All Committees shall be of such size and shall have such duties, functions, and powers as assigned by the President or the Board of Directors, except as otherwise provided in these Bylaws.

Section 4. President.  The President shall be an ex-officio member of all standing Committees and shall be notified of their meetings.

Section 5. Action without Meeting.  Any committee may act by unanimous consent in writing without a meeting. The consent shall be evidenced by one or more written approvals, each of which sets forth the action taken and bears the signature of one or more of the members of the committee.

Section 6. Attendance by Telephone.  Members of a committee may participate in any meeting through the use of a conference telephone or similar communications equipment by means of which all persons participating in the meeting can hear each other. Such participation shall be at the discretion of the president and shall constitute presence at the meeting.

Section 7. Service.  No more than one Officer or Director will serve on any standing Committee except Public Relations, Education, Membership, and Finance and Budget which are chaired by Officers. The Professional Standards Committee, Grievance Committee, Finance and Budget Committee will service for three (3) year terms but no member shall succeed himself.

Section 8. Attendance.  Any Committee member who fails to attend three successive regular or special meetings of the Committee, without excuse acceptable to the Chairman of the Committee, shall be deemed to have resigned from the Committee and the vacancy shall be filled as herein provided for original appointments.

Section 9. Finance and Budget.  This Committee will consist of the elected Treasurer and five (5) REALTOR® Members who will serve for a term of three (3) years. This Committee will consider and recommend ways and means of properly financing the Association and submit to the Board of Directors at its regular meeting in November a budget of estimated receipts and expenses for the coming year. All Association matters affecting finances shall be submitted first to the Finance and Budget Committee for their study and recommendations to the Board of Directors before any final action.

ARTICLE XIV - Fiscal and Elective Year

Section 1.  Fiscal and elective year of the Association shall be the calendar year. The new Officers, new Directors, and new MLS Committee members shall be installed at the general membership meeting in December and will officially take office January 1st following.

ARTICLE XV - Rules or Order

Section 1.  Robert’s Rules of Order, latest Edition, shall be recognized as the authority governing the meetings of the Association, its Board of Directors and Committees, in all instances wherein its provisions do not conflict with these Bylaws.

ARTICLE XVI - Amendments

Section 1.  These Bylaws may be amended by the majority vote of the Members present and qualified to vote at any meeting at which a quorum is present, provided that substance of such proposed amendment or amendments shall be plainly stated in the call for the meeting, except that the Board of Directors may, at any regular or special meeting of the Board of Directors at which a quorum is present, approve amendments to the Bylaws which are mandated by NAR Policy.

Section 2.  Notice of all meetings at which amendments are to be considered shall be mailed or where permitted by State law, electronically transmitted to every member eligible to vote at least one (1) week prior to the meeting.

Section 3.  Amendments to these Bylaws affecting the admission or qualification of REALTOR® and Institute Affiliate members, the use of the terms REALTOR® and REALTORS®, or any alteration in the territorial jurisdiction of the association shall become effective upon their approval as authorized by the board of directors of the NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF REALTORS®

ARTICLE XVII - Dissolution

Section 1.  Upon the dissolution of this association, the board of directors, after providing for the payment of all obligations, shall distribute any remaining assets to the North Carolina Association of REALTORS®, or, within its discretion, to any other non-profit tax exempt organization.

ARTICLE XVIII - Multiple Listing Service

Section 1. Authority.  The Association of REALTORS® shall maintain for the use of its members a Multiple Listing Service, which shall be subject to the Bylaws of the Association of REALTORS® and such Rules and Regulations as may be hereinafter adopted.

Section 2. Purpose.  A Multiple Listing Service is a means by which authorized Participants make blanket unilateral offers of compensation to other Participants (acting as subagents, buyer agents, or in other agency or nonagency capacities defined by law); by which cooperation among participants is enhanced; by which information is accumulated and disseminated to enable authorized Participants to prepare appraisals, analyses, and other valuations of real property for bona fide clients and customers; by which Participants engaging in real estate appraisal contribute to common databases; and is a facility for the orderly correlation and dissemination of listing information so participants may better serve their clients and the public. Entitlement to compensation is determined by the cooperating broker’s performance as a procuring cause of the sale (or lease).

Section 3. Participation.  Any REALTOR® member of this or any other Association who is a principal, partner, corporate officer, or branch manager acting on behalf of a principal, without, further qualifications, except as otherwise stipulated in these bylaws, shall be eligible to participate in Multiple Listing upon agreeing in writing to conform to the Rules and Regulations thereof and to pay the costs incidental thereto. However, under no circumstances is any individual or firm, regardless of membership status, entitled to Multiple Listing Service “Membership” or “Participation” unless they hold a current, valid real estate broker’s license and offer or accept compensation to and from other Participants or are licensed or certified by an appropriate state regulatory agency to engage in the appraisal of real property. Use of information developed by or published by an Association Multiple Listing Service is strictly limited to the activities authorized under a Participant’s licensure (s) or certification and unauthorized uses are prohibited. Further, none of the foregoing is intended to convey “Participation”, or “Membership” or any right of access to information developed or published by an Association Multiple Listing Service where access to such information is prohibited by law.

Mere possession of a broker’s license is not sufficient to qualify for MLS participation. Rather, the requirement that an individual or firm offers or accepts cooperation and compensation means that the participant actively endeavors during the operation of its real estate business to list real property of the type listed on the MLS and/or to accept offers of cooperation and compensation made by listing brokers or agents in the MLS. “Actively” means on a continual and ongoing basis during the operation of the participant’s real estate business. The “actively” requirement is not intended to preclude MLS participation by a participant or potential participant that operates a real estate business on a part-time, seasonal, or similarly time-limited basis or that has its business interrupted by periods of relative inactivity occasioned by market conditions. Similarly, the requirement is not intended to deny MLS participation to a participant or potential participant who has not achieved a minimum number of transactions despite good faith efforts. Nor is it intended to permit an MLS to deny participation based on the level of service provided by the participant or potential participant as long as the level of service satisfies state law.

The key is that the participant or potential participant actively endeavors to make or accept offers of cooperation and compensation with respect to properties of the type that are listed on the MLS in which participation is sought. This requirement does not permit an MLS to deny participation to a participant or potential participant that operates a “Virtual Office Website” (VOW) (including a VOW that the participant uses to refer customers to other participants) if the participant or potential participant actively endeavors to make or accept offers of cooperation and compensation. An MLS may evaluate whether a participant or potential participant actively endeavors during the operation of its real estate business to offer or accept cooperation and compensation only if the MLS has a reasonable basis to believe that the participant or potential participant is in fact not doing so. The membership requirement shall be applied in a non discriminatory manner to all participants and potential participants.

Section 4. Supervision.  The activity shall be operated under the supervision of the Multiple Listing Committee, in accordance with the Rules and Regulations subject to the approval of the Board of Directors of the Association of REALTORS®.

Section 5. Election of Committee.  Multiple Listing Service Committee of six (6) REALTOR® Members, who subscribe to the Multiple Listing Service, and of which four (4) must be Principal Brokers, shall be elected by the membership in the same fashion as Officers and Directors of the Association are elected, in accordance with Section 4, Article XI of these Bylaws. After being elected by the Association Membership, the Multiple Listing Service Committee shall annually select it’s Chairman from among the members thereof who shall become a voting member of the Board of Directors of the Fayetteville Association of REALTORS®, Inc. No Officer or Director of the Association may serve on the Multiple Listing Committee, except the Chairman as provided for in Section 3, Article XI of these Bylaws.

Section 6. Vacancies.  Vacancies in unexpired terms shall be filled by appointment of the President and approved by the Board of Directors.

Section 7. Attendance.  Any Committee member who fails to attend (3) three consecutive regular or special meetings of the Committee, without excuse acceptable to the Chairman of the Committee, shall be deemed to have resigned from the Committee and the vacancy shall be filled by appointment of the President and approved by the Board of Directors of the Association of REALTORS®.

Section 8. Access to Comparable and Statistical Information.  Association Members who are actively engaged in real estate brokerage, management, appraising, land development or building, but who do not participant in the MLS, are nonetheless entitled to receive, by purchase or lease, information other than current listing information that is generated wholly or in part by the MLS including “comparable” information, “sold” information, and statistical reports. This information is provided for the exclusive use of Association Members and individuals affiliated with Association Members who are also engaged in the real estate business and may not be transmitted, retransmitted, or provided in any manner to any unauthorized individual, office or firm except as otherwise specified in the MLS Rules and Regulations. Association Members will receive such information, either as an Association service or through the Association’s MLS, are subject to the applicable provisions of the MLS Rules and Regulations whether they participate in the MLS or not.

Section 9. Subscribers.  Subscribers (or users) of the MLS include non-principal brokers, sales associates, and licensed and certified appraisers affiliated with Participants.